Currently, major hospitals and nursing homes where care workers become patients, their families, nurses eyes "can not miss" role, the demand for care workers is increasing. The reality of the situation is that care workers nationwide gap of ten million. It is difficult to find a good carer.
Demand, a serious shortage of supply
Tour the old lady has died three months, Nanchang, Jiangxi Nanchang County 50-year-old Liu Yulian urban and rural south also occasionally dream woman. First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Liu Yulian year and a month of care for the elderly. After the old man died, four daughters will Shibu Chang Liu Yulian call, as both sides like relatives. Old little daughter Huangxiang Qun told reporters, mother paralyzed in bed more than a year, four sisters have to work yourself, Liu Yulian accompanied by the mother to take care of most of the time. "Mother is very dependent on her, help the elderly stand up, get dressed than we have done all these daughters do good."
"Now most of the one-child families, and children are looking forward to Jackie Chan Cheng-feng, fewer and fewer young men willing to engage in this line care workers." 黄向群 work in the labor sector, after she discovered sick mother, to find a satisfactory care workers is how difficult. "Most rural women four or five years old, I just serious and responsible, whether professional nursing qualifications, educational level, etc. not attend." She said.
Care workers is a new career in the 1990s the rise. Due to lack of nursing staff resources, accelerate the aging process, and a series of changes in the factors of social development and family structure, leading to increasing demand for care workers. "Beijing district nursing personnel status quo," Task Force Report, Capital Medical University shows that in 2015 the demand for nursing personnel for the Beijing area from 82,000 to 8.6 million, an increase of nearly 50% compared to 2010, the scope of services covering all hospital Beijing and nursing home.
According to statistics, endowment care workers, for example, at present, only about 290,000 nationwide nursing member, but disability disabled elderly half about 35 million, even by a caregiver standard three elderly care, this gap has at least It is 10 million or more. Especially qualified, front-line nurses is scarce.
From the center of the business situation of some accompanying supply and demand can also see clues. Ray Cunguang 9 years ago founded the center in Nanchang accompanying Ruixiang, registered as a company in 2008, responsible for patient escort service business, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. After nearly 10 years of development, mine Cunguang company currently employs more than 280 employees, is responsible for the hospital ICU, neonatology, infection and other departments to establish a closed system of patient care visits.
Care costs 160 yuan per day, Ray Cunguang staff never worry about not living to do, often we encounter people have orders to send no embarrassment, to give the company a month to come to twenty or thirty clients.
"Red Azalea" domestic high-end brands in Jiangxi Province Women's Federation. Jiangxi red azalea Economics Services Ltd. Tu Yongjun, deputy general manager, told reporters the executive, because after the company trained professional care workers can not meet market demand, the company built a service platform designed only online advisory function, can not carry out the reservation service directly. "If fully open, there is a gap of nearly 50%."
Good care workers hike
Supply and demand can not be docked, the consequences are not only easy to find care workers, care workers find a good even more difficult, but some good carer also hike, rising prices.
"Care workers are to find their own, can not wait a week to make demands price." A top three hospital, Mr. Hou's mother was hospitalized with advanced gastric cancer in a Beijing suburb, as a result ridden, Hou through friends, arrange care workers to take care of his mother Sharon . Reporters saw Sharon, she had just harvested Hou mother gave her a scarf and a few fruits. "The old lady is very good for me, what good things are also thinking of me." Liu of Hebei Province, less than 50 years old, do care workers this line for 5 years.
"Children do not have time because of work escort, guilt, hope care workers can take care of their families, at a good relationship, but this kind of psychological slowly became their demanding a wage of 'price tag'." Mr. Hou said, care workers hard to find, fly care workers are more easy to find, through observation, but also aware of their hired care workers and not much nursing experience, basically equivalent to the "nanny" level. Talking, Mr. Hou asked Sharon, today have lost what kinds of liquid, Sharon how could not answer. "Find a good carer, to have difficulty than to find the object!" Mr. Hou's family reluctantly sigh.
"Good word of mouth care workers are not cheap, seriously ill patients as well as accompanying higher fees during the holiday season." A nurse told reporters that even if the company's formal care workers, but also at the different grades and price tag.
Speaking care workers, patients and their families many feel is the "pains and frustration," "inseparable, untouchables, not employed and can not" become the most apt summary. Millennium Monument in Beijing Hospital, the public Ms. Sun is to give his father hired carers things to worry about. "Carer toll on the market is a bit confusing, there are 120 yuan a day, there are 160 yuan a day, even two or three hundred a day, there is no pricing standards." Ms. Sun said, I heard a good word of mouth care workers are basically asking price more than two hundred yuan a day, so people still choose to live it, and if the employment peak just in time, when the energy wheel hard to say.
Ms. Sun told reporters, because it is to take care of his father, so I hope to find a male care workers, one male care workers a greater effort, to work more agile; on the other hand to take care of bedridden father is also more convenient. When I heard that good men and care workers are more difficult to find a higher price, she gave up the idea.
Nursing lack of professionalism
High price may not be able to take care of, which is a lot had hired care workers undergo human consensus. "Nursing seem simple, in fact, a lot of knowledge, such as the patient would stand up to the different methods on different patients to take, if improper care, have a great impact on patient recovery." The department director, told reporters a top three hospital .
A nurse told reporters in an interview, there was once a nursing care workers even in oxygen using sterile distilled water instead of tea, tea color Fortunately, the problem was discovered. "Some care workers on the one hand the lack of professional knowledge, but also no sense of responsibility, do not know their company in the end there is no relevant training." The nurse told reporters, of course, experienced, more hard-working and responsible care workers, can Go to have luck.
A professional nurse said, in addition to a qualified care workers to take care of the patient's diet, should also be able to find subtle changes in the patient's condition, and to give guidance patient diet, exercise and other functional aspects. However, the current level of care workers is uneven, especially some "black care workers", not only can not meet the rehabilitation needs of patients, even the most basic work can not place, and some even due to lack of nursing knowledge, exacerbating the patient's condition.
Insiders told reporters, care of the elderly live independently mainly to help them carry out personal hygiene, buy lunch fetch water, accompanied by chat; can not take care of the elderly, care workers need to help them eat, excrete, observe the condition.
In addition, for a number of specialty patients, nurses need training expertise, such as diabetes care, pay attention to controlling carbohydrate intake, choose more fiber and more protein foods, and science taking hypoglycemic drugs or insulin; elderly stroke Most cases can be lost, care will have to be cleaned regularly to assist them in the body, regular turning to avoid bed sores. In principle, we should not turn over within half an hour after eating. For people with dementia, to pay special attention to their actions, prevent lost, fall, injury, hunger or satiety from happening.
Currently the overall quality of community care workers is not high and also restricting the promotion of professional services. In Beijing, for example, the survey shows that Beijing's carer group, 89.71% of non-Beijing Ji care workers, mostly from poor rural areas of Hebei, Shaanxi and Gansu, women accounted for nearly 77.44%. While low cultural level below junior high school education accounted for 87.26%. And greater mobility, having to go back to farming busy, the slack out of work characteristics. (Banyuetan reporter Lu Weng Cheong high Linmiao Miao Ye Hao Liang)