Family support the terms of the loss of independence should be deleted
Cancellation of the special difficulties of family support family planning regulations, does not mean that the state is no longer liable for these needy families. To continue to improve the pension system and social care service system, and strive to make every elderly can be a decent and dignified old age.
"Population and Family Planning Law Amendment (Draft)" recently invited to consider the Eighteenth Meeting of the Twelfth National People's Congress, the deletion of the special difficulties of family support family planning terms: "one-child accident disability, death, their parents are no longer maternity and adoption of children, the local people's government should give the necessary assistance. "This change sparked heated debate.
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, a study shows that China currently has more than 100 million loss of the one-child family, family planning special difficulties amounted to millions of households. In recent years, the country has taken many measures to IPPF help families with special difficulties. For example, Beijing, Shandong, Shanxi and other regulations, the only child accident disability, death, no birth and adoption of children, the woman's husband and wife over 49 years of age, according to 4800 yuan per person per year of disability, death of 6,000 yuan per person per year issued special assistance gold standard, Guizhou Province in 2015 has only child deaths raised to 7,200 yuan standard support. Meanwhile, the country also introduced policies for planning elderly special hardship families stay pension institutions, medical care and other special care. It turns out that these special support system reduces pressure on these family pension, social effect is also very good.
It should be noted that this system is the introduction of background "to promote a couple only one child," and to have two or more children, not only strictly limited, and no longer enjoy these benefits. Disability or death occurs only child, did not re-birth or adoption of a child of the family to provide special assistance, is "to promote a couple have only one child," an integral part of this policy.
The NPC Standing Committee drew the draft amendments to Article 18 of the Law on Population and Family Planning states that "advocates a couple to have two children." Although there is no clear legislators in the hope that a couple "try" to have two children, or just "allowed" to have two children, but comprehensive while drawing elderly Protection Law enforcement inspection report to the Standing Committee for consideration, as well as national Wei Planning Commission responsible for legislation made by the State Council shows that we can basically conclude that the reason why the provisions of the draft "to promote a couple to have two children," and should "stand-alone two child" policy has failed to achieve the desired goals, people's intentions reduce, population aging is closely related situation is becoming increasingly grim. Legislators intent, should be the hope that more families have two children, for a second child should be "encouraging" attitude. If it is "encouraging" a couple "try" to have two children, so the focus will turn to the legal incentives "have two children," the family, to provide more maternity leave or other benefits for them. This is clearly reflected in Article 25 of the existing draft. Therefore, abolition of the existing legal provisions of Article 27 of the one-child family planning incentives and special family support needy families about is understandable.
Of course, the abolition of the special difficulties of family support for family planning regulations, does not mean that the state is no longer liable for these needy families. On the one hand, to needy families have emerged, especially families already receive benefits, according to the "old old methods" to continue to give support, but also timely to increase the standard when necessary. On the other hand, we should continue to improve the pension system and social care service system, and strive to make every elderly can be a decent and dignified old age. If we could do that, the necessity of special provisions for needy families support family planning method presence will be greatly reduced.